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Правила чтения в английском языке


Алфавитное
название буквы
В конце слова
гласнаясогласнаягласная + rгласная +re
(+ согласная)
IIIIIIIV
А а [ ei ] [ ei ] take [ æ ] cat [ a: ] car [ εə ] care
O o [ əu ] [ əu ] rose [ ɔ ] dog [ ɔ: ] for [ ɔ: ] more
U u [ ju: ] [ ju: ] use [ Λ ] cup [ ə: ] fur [ uə ] sure
E e [ i: ] [ i: ] Pete [ e ] pet [ ə: ] her [ iə ] here
I i / Y y [ ai / wai ] [ ai ] Mike
[ ai ] fly
[ i ] pig
[ i ] system
[ aiə ] tyre

A
[ei][æ][a:][εə]
plane [plein]bag [bæg]car [ka:]care [kεə]

O
[əu][ɔ][ɔ:][ɔ:]
nose [nəuz]box [bɔks]sort [sɔ:t]store [stɔ:]

U
[ju:][ʌ][ɜ:][juə]
tube [tju:b]bus [bʌs]turn [tɜ:n]pure [puə]

E
[i:][e][ɜ:][iə]
Pete [pi:t]pet [pet]her [hɜ:]here [hiə]

I
[ai][i][ɜ:][aiə]
pine [pain]big [big]girl [gɜ:l]fire [faiə]

Y
[ai][i][ɜ:][aiə]
bye [bai]Syd [sid]myrtle [mɜ:tl]tyre [taiə]

Чтение гласных буквоcочетаний

oo[ u ] look, book, cook, good, foot
[ u: ]pool, school, Zoo, too
ee[ i: ]see, bee, tree, three, meet
ea
Исключения:
[ i: ]tea, meet, eat, read, speak, clean, please
[ e ]bread, head, breakfast, healthy
au[ ei ]away, play, say, may ,today
eygrey, they

Чтение согласных буквосочетаний

ck[ k ]black, stick
ng[ ŋ ]sing, bring, ring, reading
sh[ ∫ ]she, shop, fish
ph[ f ]phone, photograph
[ v ]nephew
th[ ð ]this, that, the
[ θ ]thank, thick
[ t ]Thames
wh
Исключение:
[ w ]when, white, why
[ h ]who
kn[ n ]know, knife
wr[ r ]write, wrong
gh[ f ]enough
[ - ]high
gn[ n ]sign
ss[ s ]possible
[ ∫ ]pressure
sc[ sk ]screen
[ s ]scene
nk[ ŋk ]think
ch[ t∫ ]chess
[ k ]chemistry
[ ∫ ]machine
tch[ t∫ ]match
qu[ kw ]question


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